What is employment and labor law?
Employment law concerns the legal relationship between employers and employees. It is the name given to the branch of civil law that covers the laws and regulations governing labor relations and employment issues such as collective bargaining, discrimination in the workplace, sexual harassment, occupational safety, wage and hour requirements, and workers' compensation. It also determines the rights and obligations which arise out of an employment contract.
Employment and labor law regulates the entire relationship between employer and employee: initial hiring process, job duties, wages, promotions, benefits, employment reviews, and termination. It also includes litigation on the basis of unfair labor practices and discrimination.
Statutes regarding employment and labor law are found at all levels of government, from federal to local. Federal statutes such as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act--as well as state laws--protect employees from discrimination based on age, disability, sex, race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The federal Family and Medical Leave Act allows employees to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for certain family and medical reasons, without having to worrying about losing their jobs.
An employment and labor attorney can also assist with the development of an employee manual. A well-crafted manual spells out a company's procedures and policies for the employment relationship, employee rights, complaint procedures, disciplinary procedures, standards of conduct, and resignation and termination policies.
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